Britney Spears

Britney Spears, the singer, recently recorded some vocals in a studio envir­on­ment and has 'taken to Twitter' the share the news of said recording with the world.

Here's how she did it:

As you can also see, Britney is calling her new album '#B9'.

B9 is another name for folic acid or folate. B9 can help stop diarrhoea which is great news for loose-bowelled Britney fans. Toxicity risk is low, however, which is a shame because 'Toxic' was a pretty good song.

Food sup­ple­ment man­u­fac­tur­ers often use the term folate for something different from "pure" folic acid: in chemistry, folate refers to the depro­ton­ated ion, and folic acid to the neutral molecule—which both coexist in water. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology state that folate and folic acid are the preferred synonyms for pteroyl­glutam­ate and pteroyl­glutamic acid, respect­ively.

Folate indicates a col­lec­tion of "folates" that is not chem­ic­ally well-char­ac­ter­ized, including other members of the family of pteroyl­glutam­ates, or mixtures of them, having various levels of reduction of the pteridine ring, one-carbon sub­sti­tu­tions and different numbers of glutamate residues.

Folic acid is syn­thet­ic­ally produced, and used in fortified foods and sup­ple­ments on the theory that it is converted into folate. However, folic acid is a synthetic oxidized form, not sig­ni­fic­antly found in fresh natural foods. To be used it must be converted to tet­rahy­dro­folate (tet­rahy­dro­fo­lic acid) by dihydro­folate reductase (DHFR). Increasing evidence suggests that this process may be slow in humans.

Vitamin B9 is essential for numerous bodily functions. Humans cannot syn­thes­ize folates de novo; therefore, folic acid has to be supplied through the diet to meet their daily require­ments. The human body needs folate to syn­thes­ize DNA, repair DNA, and methylate DNA as well as to act as a cofactor in certain bio­lo­gical reactions. It is espe­cially important in aiding rapid cell division and growth, such as in infancy and pregnancy. Children and adults both require folate to produce healthy red blood cells and prevent anemia.

Folate and folic acid derive their names from the Latin word folium, which means "leaf". Folates occur naturally in many foods and, among plants, are espe­cially plentiful in dark green leafy veget­ables.

A lack of dietary folates can lead to folate defi­ciency. A complete lack of dietary folate takes months before defi­ciency develops as normal indi­vidu­als have about 500–20,000 micro­grams ( µg) of folate in body stores. This defi­ciency can result in many health problems, the most notable one being neural tube defects in devel­op­ing embryos—a rel­at­ively rare birth defect affecting 300,000 (0.2%) births globally each year. Common symptoms of folate defi­ciency include diarrhea, mac­ro­cytic anemia with weakness or shortness of breath, nerve damage with weakness and limb numbness (peri­pheral neuro­pathy),  pregnancy com­plic­a­tions, mental confusion, for­get­ful­ness or other cognitive deficits, mental depres­sion, sore or swollen tongue, peptic or mouth ulcers, headaches, heart pal­pit­a­tions, irrit­ab­il­ity, and beha­vi­oral disorders. Low levels of folate can also lead to homo­cysteine accu­mu­la­tion. Low levels of folate have been asso­ci­ated with specific cancers. However, it is not clear whether consuming recom­men­ded (or higher) amounts of folic acid—from foods or in supplements—can lower cancer risk in some people.